Nowadays, the term gastric bypass Mexico is common throughout society, mainly because the procedure itself has become more popular, alongside its many benefits in helping a person overcome obesity and eliminate excess body weight in a definite manner.
Obesity is this century’s most important chronic disease, currently affecting hundreds of thousands worldwide, with an exponential growth of these numbers through the last twenty years; the multiple conditions associated with obesity is the main reason why it is now considered a public health issue.
Diseases associated to obesity that increase its morbidity rate:
- Type 2 Diabetes
- High Blood Pressure
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Gastroesophageal refluxdisease, or GERD
- Urinary incontinence
- Joint disorders
- Cancer (colon, prostate, ovaries, uterus, breast)
Due to the severity of this situation, it is of vital importance to deliver an effective treatment to overweight patients in order to handle and control this terrible sickness and its consequences.
Among the various therapeutic options available at the moment, there is bariatric surgery. Presently there is vast scientific evidence demonstrating bariatric surgery is the most effective tool to safely, effectively and permanently treat obesity and its many complications. This treatment has been catalogued as the gold standard of obesity surgery, owing mainly to the large experience gained in the surgical field through 50 years of practice worldwide, with great results and minimum risks of complications, post-operatory and nutritionally.
How is a gastric bypass performed?
The gastric bypass Mexico consists primarily of two stages. First stage is the reduction of the stomach’s capacity, where a small reservoir of 30 – 40 milliliters is made. A surgical stapler is used to staple and divide the stomach and therefore create this small pouch. Afterwards, an intestinal bridge or bypass is made, dividing the small intestine (jejunum), and connecting it from one end to the stomach and from the other end to the same small intestine.
It should be emphasized that Dr. Sebastián Arana FACS carries out this procedure laparoscopically or minimally invasive, executing five incisions smaller than 1 centimeter long. A speedy recovery is ensured through this technique, with the patient able to resume normal activities and daily life 5 or 6 days later, and physical activity 4 weeks after.
Post gastric bypass Mexico care guidelines
During the postoperative period, many instructions will be given, the most important indication being the transition diet, also known as postoperative diet. It is of upmost importance that the patient thoroughly follows the nutritional guidelines that the multidisciplinary team provides. Transition diet consists of three phases, each one with key roles. 48 hours after surgery, once the leak test is conducted, the first phase or clear liquid phase is started, which will last 48 hours.
Subsequently, the patient transitions to phase two, also known as the complete liquid phase, which will last a total of three weeks; during this stage, the patient will consume protein shakes, creams, liquid yoghurt, fruit juices and plenty of water. It is important to highlight that Dr. Arana and his certified nutrition specialists verify that the patient receives the necessary caloric and energy intake to carry out normal daily activities through every stage of the transition diet.
Lastly, the patient goes through phase three or soft mash stage, which lasts two weeks. During this stage, the transition to alimentary textures will be made, between liquid and solid, so that when the fifth week comes, the patient is ready and able to lead a normal diet and life. Once the five weeks pass, the procedure’s wound healing is firm enough to allow the patient to eat without any type of eventuality. Nevertheless, it is imperative to follow to the very detail the instructions and guidelines given by the bariatric and nutrition specialist, in order to keep losing weight or maintaining the achieved results.
Once the postoperative period is finalized, what are the care guidelines the patient must follow?
Follow up medical check-ups or examinations are the key to an effective and permanent weight loss. Dr. Sebastián Arana Garza, FACS in cooperation with the rest of his multidisciplinary team, completely understands that tracking and monitoring of the gastric bypass Mexico patients is as important as the surgical procedure itself, therefore they must have lifelong check-ups and commitment. In our center, there are no discharges or releases per say, because even after surgery we will carry regular examinations. These check-ups can be monthly or quarterly during the first year, where lab tests will be required to corroborate an adequate weight loss. At the same time, the patient will be made aware of the correct use of supplements, as well as the importance of regular physical activity, in order to maximize the procedure’s benefits and reach the best possible results. After the first year, the patient will be assessed once a year.
As can be seen, bariatric procedures such as the gastric bypass are the best option and tool to help an overweight or obese patient to obtain a permanent weight loss. It is important to seek for a specialized and multidisciplinary team in order to gain the best and safest results.